Packed column versus Tray column

difference between packed and plate column
Packed column versus Tray column

Packed column versus Tray column

Selection of plate column or packed column can be done on the following basis :

Plate columns

  1. Plate columns can handle wide range of gas and liquid flow rates.
  2. Plate efficiency can be predicted more accurately
  3. Plate column operation is considerably smooth.
  4. Cooling arrangement can be provided in plate column.
  5. Plate column provide stage wise contact.
  6. When the liquid cause fouling or deposition of solids, even though the tray is blocked up, it is easier to clean it and manholes can be provided over the plate.
 Plate or tray columns
Plate columns
Related image
Plate (Tray)

Packed column

  1. Packed columns are more suitable for low capacity operations.
  2. Packed columns are particularly useful in the field of vacuum distillation. Here column pressure drop is of paramount importance to minimize the pressure and temperature at the bottom of the column.
  3. For separating heat sensitive materials packed columns are useful because the liquid hold up is low.
  4. When corrosion is a problem packing may be the only answer.
  5. Pressure drop per unit length is less in packed column.
  6. Packed column provides continuous contact between the vapor and liquid phases.
  7. Packed columns are suitable for handling foaming system.
  8. Modern high capacity pickings are available in practically any material.
  9. Total weight of packed column is less due to use of low weight and high capacity packing.
 Packed column with different packing
Packed column with different packing
structure packing
structure packing

Disadvantages

Plate columns

  1. Foaming system reduces the performance of plate columns. Anti foaming agents can be made use of to suppress the foam.
  2. Liquid hold up is very high. Therefore pressure drop is very high.
  3. For corrosive liquids, cost of plate column is too high due to use of corrosion resistant material.
  4. Supporting structure required is costly.

Packed column

  1. HETP and HTU prediction may not be very accurate.
  2. Packed columns are not suitable for very low liquid rates.
  3. Provision of cooling arrangement is difficult in packed columns.
  4. Removal of side stream is not possible in packed column.

Reference:- wikipedia

You may also like...

5 Responses

  1. syed hussain says:

    I like and want to work with u

  2. Umar khayam says:

    Very Nice

  3. Chetan Rathor says:

    This is important part of chemical engineering.
    Everyday this knowledge givan me
    Thanks (chemical engineering word)

  4. M R Raghu says:

    Great Prof. Congratulations

  5. vurtilopmer says:

    Wow! Thank you! I continually wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I include a fragment of your post to my blog?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »